Jodhpur, the Sun City also known as Blue City is one of the most popular destination for tourists across the world. It is called Sun City because the place enjoys sunny and bright weather all-round the year. I got the name Blue City because almost all buildings are decorated with blue color around the Mehrangarh fort, in old city area.
Jodhpur has a golden history & heritage from the period of the Rathore Clan. It marks its origin back to the year 1459 AD. Jodhpur is named after Rao Jodha, the chief of the Rathore clan. He is credited with the origin of Jodhpur in India.It was previously known as Marwar.
The original homeland of Rathore was Kaunaj, by Afghans. They fled to Pali, near to the present day Jodhpur. Rathore Siahaji married the sister of a local prince. This helped Rathores to establish and strengthen themselves in this region.
In very short period, Rathores ousted the Pratiharas of Mandore, just 9 km of today’s Jodhpur. Initially, Mandore was the capital of Marwar, but, by 1459, Rathores felt a need for a secure capital. This lead to the formation of Jodhpur, the Sun City, by Rao Jodha.
The Rathores enjoyed good relations with all the Mughals, except Aurangzeb. Maharaja Jaswant Singh even supported Shahjahan in his struggle for succession. After Aurangzeb’s death, Maharaja Ajit Singh drove out Mughals from Ajmer and added it to Marwar (now Jodhpur). Under the reign of Maharaja Umed Singh, Jodhpur grew into a fine modern city.
During the British Raj, the state of Jodhpur was the largest in Rajputana, by land area. Jodhpur prospered under the British Raj. Its merchants, the Marwaris, flourished endlessly. They came to occupy a dominant position in trade throughout India. In 1947, after independence the state merged into the union of India. Since then Jodhpur has become the second city of Rajasthan.